Adventure Himalayan Travels offers amazing day tours in affordable costs. The day tours include Adventure Flight, Wildlife Safari, White Water Rafting, Hiking, Birding, Zip Flying, Bungee Jumping, Paragliding, Himalaya hiking experience, Cultural, Heritage, Pilgrimage Tour and many more other private day tours.
01. Mountain (Everest - 8848M) flight - 2 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Mountain flights offer a luxurious option of a true Himalayan experience for the prospective tourists. The one-hour mountain flight from Kathmandu takes the visitors to close proximity with the mountain peaks including the Mount Everest, the world’s tallest peak.
During the flight, you will get to see Gosaithan (also called Shisha Pangma), and mountain peaks like Dorje Lhakpa, Phurbi Chyachu, Choba Bhamare, Gaurishanker, Melungtse, Chugimago, Numbur, Karyolung, Cho-Oyu, Gyachungkang, Pumori, Nuptse and, of course the Mount Everest. Mountain flights are offered by several domestic airlines in the morning from the domestic terminal in Kathmandu. Flights from Kathmandu reveal the great Eastern Himalaya, while flights from Pokhara will offer you a bird’s eye view of the Western Himalayas.
02. Dakshinkali Day Tour - 3 to 4 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Dakshinkali Temple is one of the most famous temples and a pilgrimage destination in Nepal. This temple is dedicated to goddess Kali, the fearful form of Lord Shiva’s wife. ’Dakshin’ in Nepali means south and Kali is derived from Hindu goddess Kali as mentioned above and hence the name basically means the goddess Kali of the south. Dakshinkali temple is located towards the southwest part of the Kathmandu which is forty five minutes’ drive away from Kathmandu. The sanctuary and its surrounding are dedicated to goddess Kali, the deity who is worshipped two times a week i.e. Tuesday and Saturday along with the animal sacrifice which has been a tradition in Nepali culture since many years. Saturday is the main day as it is a public holiday in Nepal and animals are also sacrificed on Tuesday. So plenty of devotees gather in large mass especially on Tuesday and Saturday where they usually sacrifices cocks and male goats. The Dashain festival which falls in October month is a major festival here in the Temple.
By the way the sight of narrow way between mountains is attracted and it is worthwhile to walk down and across the old suspension bridge, throwing a glance down into the very narrow and deep gulf between the hills. In the middle part of village of Pharping lies a pleasant spot known as Sheka Narayan. There is a pond filled with crystal clear water and lots of gold fishes swimming around in the pond. After few minutes of driving from Pharping you will finally reach to the destination of the Dakshinkali where you have to move downhill as the shrine is situated at the bottom of the hill. The view is just spectacular with all the green trees and forests around and the weather is just too awesome around there. In this place non Hindus cannot enter the temple premises where the shrine of the deity is located. Pictures can be taken from outside. Some people can also make a picnic spot in this place. Since this place is quite far away from the valley and there is less noise, crowd and other types of pollution, people can also enjoy their time with friends and families. It is a spot for entertainment as well as a holy place. People believe that if we pray to the goddess and offer sacrifices in her name, our enemies will be wiped out and we will have prosperity in life. And lots of other people do make their wishes to goddess. This place is really good if you once visit you will never forget it in the lifetime.
03. Bhaktapur and Nagarkot Tour - 3 to 4 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
This tour begins in the ancient valley of Kathmandu where we get deep insight into Nepal’s rich culture and interesting history. As we visit ancient palaces and world famous heritage sites recognized by the UNESCO, we stroll through the ancient markets of Kathmandu & see upfront the traditions & customs of a society that dates back over 800 years.
Our trip extends to the serene hill resort of Nagarkot where we witness a stunning radiant sunset as the sun drops to hide its glows between the mountains; we spend a night in the lovely resort & get up at the break of dawn with a cup of coffee & then head down to the tower to see close-up views of sunrise as the sparkling rays of the sun can be seen breaking through the mountains in a myriad of maroon pink colors, a scene which can never be forgotten.
Nagarkot is known to be an ideal hideaway for honeymooners who seek that special quietness for a special holiday. We also visit medieval Bhaktapur, either on our way to Nagarkot or on our way back. Ancient Bhaktapur is a wonderful display of Nepal’s golden age of the arts with its unique architecture built by King Ananda Malla dating back to the 9th century. This very old city was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1979. It has remained a symbol of conserved heritage till this day.
At the Bhaktapur Durbar Square, you will find many outstanding examples of exquisite sculpture, woodcarving and pagodas dedicated to different gods and goddesses – the Nyatapol & Dattatreya Temples, Golden Gate, the Palace of 55 windows etc. are some extraordinary sites to view in this ancient city that was once a kingdom in itself. Our tour concludes in the ancient capital of Kathmandu.
04. Bungee Jumping - 5 to 6 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
The ultimate thrill of a bungee jump can now be experienced in Nepal – 12 km from the Nepal-Tibet border, a three-hour bus ride from Kathmandu. The bungee jump was designed by one of New Zealand’s leading bungee consultants, and is operated by some of the most experienced jump masters in the business. The jump takes place from a 166 meter wide steel suspension bridge that joins two sides of a deep valley over the raging Bhote Koshi River. The place has spectacular scenery with dense forests covering the top of the cliff. One can stay overnight here and go for rafting and rock climbing too.
Canoeing is basically a sport where you travel down canyons and waterfalls using a variety of techniques such as walking, scrambling, climbing, abseiling and swimming. It is one sport that will get you completely off the beaten track, but it does require quite a good level of fitness.
05. Bird Watching Tour in Phulchowki - 5 to 6 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Nepal’s varied elevations support more than 850 species of birds, or about 10 percent of the world’s total species. Migratory birds are often seen here in winters. The spiny babbler is unique to Nepal as it has yet to be spotted outside this country. More than 450 species of birds have been spotted in Chitwan National Park, while the Koshi Tappu Wetlands have been designated Asia’s finest bird watching site. The Mai Valley and Tamur Valley in east Nepal, Lumbini in central Nepal, and Dang Valley and Ghodagodhi Lake in the west are also good locations to sightsee exotic birds. As bird watching becomes immensely popular, specialized bird-watching tours are also offered at different national parks and wildlife reserves in Nepal.
06. Hiking tour in Nagarkot - 5 to 6 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Nagarkot is a popular hill station situated very close on the eastern side of Kathmandu. It is just 32 km from Kathmandu, located at an altitude of 2170 m and can be reached by driving for around one and half hour from the Capital city. The road goes past fields where they harvest rice, paddies and potatoes. Our plan is to hike up to Nagarkot and stay there for sunset views before finally getting back to Kathmandu.
On a clear day, views of a massive mountain range, including the Mount Everest are stunning. If you have a spare day in Kathmandu, you should come to Nagarkot to experience this amazing feeling. After breakfast, we drive to Sankhu that should take about an hour. From there, we hike nearly 4 hours to reach Nagarkot.
07. Dhulikhel Day tour- 3 to 4 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Like any other hill stations near Kathmandu, Dhulikhel is also famous for its mountain views. What makes it different is that views from Dhulikhel are more astounding than from anywhere. It is a hill station on the eastern side of Kathmandu, 32 km away where one can reach there driving for just one and half hour. Once in Dhulikhel we have a choice for doing either a day hike to nearby villages or continue on towards Nagarkot (5-6 hours will be needed for so).
Dhulikhel is on the way to Kodari - a town in Nepal bordering with Tibet. You can visit Dhulikhel either from Kathmandu or by stopping on the way if you are coming from Tibet.
After breakfast, we drive 32 km east of Kathmandu to Dhulikhel. The artistic skill and urban ethos of its Newar inhabitants have created a place of charm and beauty. Then to the north are views of many of the world's highest mountains. We drive back to Kathmandu in the evening.
08. Kakani day tour- 3 to 4 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Kakani is a hill station on the northern side of Kathmandu. It lies in Nuwakot district, 29km away from Kathmandu and is accessible by road. The drive takes just 1 and half hour. The place is famous for its breathtaking scenery and a lot of potential for day hiking - and if you are interested you can extend your hikes to a number of days!
It is interesting how beautiful the views of high mountains and the low-land villages appear from Kakani. Many people on a day hike to Kakani want to extend their stay by a day or two. After breakfast, we drive 29 km north of Kathmandu to Kakani. The drive itself is interesting as we get past numerous villages negotiating the winding road that seems to have endless bends. The scenery on the way is magnificent. But the thing of true beauty is saved for the moment we arrive in Kakani - the whole vista just opens up on the north side as we get off the vehicle. To the north are some of the world's highest mountains including Manaslu, Annapurna, Ganesh Himal, Gaurishankar and many mountains.
From the main view point, there are a lot of interesting hikes possible towards north-east region. There is also a century old summer villa used by the British Embassy a long ago as well as the memorial park that commemorates the victims of 1992 Thai Airways crash in Nepal.
If you are there between Februarys to April, you will see local people selling fresh strawberries. Trust us, the strawberries in Kakani are the best in the world. We start our hike from Kakani, walk past dense forests and continue via Alle to finally end our hike at Budhanilkantha. It is a really good hike of 5 to 6 hrs. But we can take more time to rest and take photographs to enjoy on our own style.
09. Shivapuri day tour - 2 to 3 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
The Shivapuri National park is located in the northern and north western part of Kathmandu. It is the second highest hill near the Kathmandu valley at altitude of 2563m and a paradise for bird watchers. The good thing about hiking in Shivapuri area is that there are multiple options - whether to hike for just 2, 3 hours or for an entire day - there are choices. It is ideal for people visiting Nepal who cannot go for longer treks.
The source of Bagmati River, Bagdwar is close to Shivapuri that makes it a more interesting visit. After breakfast, we drive 20 minutes to Budhanilkantha Temple, just 8 km north of Kathmandu. Shivapuri conservation area is then within 10 minutes of walk. It is a protected forest with over 500 species. Our hike actually starts from the southern side of the Shivapuri area. A short walk will take us past the army check post stationed there. Nagi Gompa at 2340m is another attraction - this is famous among foreigners and locals who want to practice Buddhism and meditation.
The trek above is somewhat steep through dense forest. The view of Kathmandu valley starts to get more and more magnificent. It takes us about two hours to reach the top while we enjoy leisurely lunch with good views of the landscapes and hills. The trail down leads us to another interesting area of Sundarijal. Then we drive back to Kathmandu.
10. Manakamana tour - 6 to 7 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
The famous Hindu temple Manakamana is situated on the way to Pokhara, perched on the top of the hill. It is nearly 3 hours’ drive towards west from Kathmandu. Many devotees and tourist used to walk to get there before the establishment of cable car. Now, there is choice for you either to hike 3 hours or ride on cable car for 12 minutes and enjoy the scenic drive amidst the hills and reach there in temple in no time. Not only the Hindu devotees but also the normal tourist can enjoy the place, as beautiful Ganesh and Annapurna Himal can be viewed.
11. Daman village Tour 6 to 7 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Spend a day exploring Daman, a village in central Nepal, situated at an altitude of 2,320 meters. Take in the panoramic views of Mount Everest, enjoy a guided walk in the jungle, connect with local life, and ride a bike downhill to Palung village.
Marvel at the panoramic views of Mount Everest
Listen to the sounds of birds on a guided jungle walk
Meet with a monk and learn about the holy site of Guru Rimpoche
Marvel at the breathtaking grandeur of the world's highest peaks extending from Dhaulagiri in the west to Mount Everest in the east. On this full-day trip to Daman you’ll enjoy the panoramic views of the mountains and the nearby landscape from a view tower fitted with long range telescopes.
Located 80 kilometers south-west of Kathmandu at an altitude of about 2,400 meters, Daman is about a 3.5-4 hours’ drive from Kathmandu. The only way to see the area is by foot. There are many trails leading to villages that offer an opportunity to connect with local life. One of the resorts has bicycles for hire, which you can use on a downhill ride to Palung Village.
12. Bandipur village tour 6 to 7 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Bandipur Village Tour is a picturesque town nestled in the Himalayan foothills of Nepal, a land as famous for its natural beauty as for the hospitality of its people. Bandipur village lies midway between the capital Kathmandu and Pokhara, another popular tourist destination nepal.
Situated on a hilltop above the highway town of Dumre (8 km), Bandipur captivates the visitors with its cultural appeal and pristine scenery. Bandipur Village Newar town has maintained its age-old flavor and tradition, and presents sightseers with a heady mix of history, architecture, incredible views, awesome caves and unspoiled landscapes.
Bandipur village has been described as a natural view tower; indeed, one can enjoy a spectacular panorama of the entire Annapurna Range plus the peaks of Dhaulagiri, Manaslu and Langtang from here. Apart from the stunning views of the Himalaya and the Marshyangdi Valley, a visit to the town is an opportunity to get a close look at the Newari cultural life.
Bandipur is an outpost of the refined civilization of the Kathmandu Valley, and it is an ideal retreat to soak in this fabulous heritage along with the natural splendor of the surroundings. With its varied attractions ranging from the artistic to the scenic, Bandipur entices visitors of all interests to come & discover things for themselves.
13. Gorkha Durbar Day Tour 6 to 7 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
The land of the Gurkhas, the name Gorkha evokes images of fierce warriors wielding Khukuris and renowned for their bravery which they exhibited during the first and second world wars. Gorkha is the name of the town and the district from which these fearless tribes hailed. Once a tiny Himalayan kingdom ruled by the Shah dynasty, it was from here that Prithvi Narayan Shah, ancestor of the monarchy in Nepal marched his Gorkhali army into the heart of Kathmandu and overthrew the ruling Malla King.
When the mighty British failed to subdue the Gorkha forces in the 1800s they were inducted into the British army and soon became a force to reckon with. The British called them “Gurkhas”. The Gurkha personifies bravery. No fighting force has ever earned so much respect for its valor and discipline.
The district of Gorkha stretches from the raging river Trishuli (popular for rafting) to the arid border of Tibet. With its verdant river valleys and sharply rising hills, Gorkha is ideal for trekking. The terraced hillsides shine yellow and green in bright sunlight. Delightful hilltop villages far removed from the trappings of the 21st century dot the countryside.
Places to visit in Gorkha
The Royal Durbar or the palace of Gorkha is a piece of history giving visitors a glimpse of the past. The historic town lies under the shadow of the Royal Durbar that is perched on a solid rock. The Durbar was built in the 1600s by Ram Shah; an ancestor of the present king of Nepal. Within the palace is the sacred Taleju temple of the tutelary deity of the ruling dynasty. The durbar is a fort, palace and temple complex that displays a wealth of Nepali architecture. Also within the palace complex is the Pashupati temple and the cave of Lord Gorakhnath. The view from the palace is awesome. The giant peaks of Manaslu, Himal Chuli, Boudha and others stand majestically against the skyline towards the north.
Gorkha is a cozy little town with a bus park off the main street. There are many hotels and restaurants along the road. Further up lies the town center with its collection of temples and the old Tallo Durbar (lower palace), which is being converted into a park. Nearby is the Rani Pokhari; a small pond beside which is a Shiva shrine and a metal statue of King Prithivi Pati Shah, grandfather of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. In the vicinity also lie the Krishna and Vishnu temples. Further up are the jewelry shops and others selling watches and clothing.
Manakamana, the shrine of wish fulfillment lies within Gorkha district. With the introduction of the cable car, the temple can be easily reached within ten minutes from the Highway to Kathmandu. This pagoda style temple receives hordes of pilgrims every day who come with offerings for the benevolent Goddess. Trekking is the major activity around Gorkha district. Many short or extended treks can be made around Gorkha. You can follow the old road to Kathmandu from Pokhara, which passes through Arughat in Gorkha district. The more interesting is the twenty-day Manaslu trek. Following the Budi Gandaki River, the trail goes through the Larkya Pass at 5,200m and then follows the Marshyangdi River reaching the popular town of Besisahar where the Round Annapurna trek also begins. During the trek many Gurung, Magar and Tamang villages are encountered and the mountain views are fabulous.
The small town of Gorkha lies 142 km North West of the capital Kathmandu and is easily reached within five hours by bus. The 106 km from Pokhara to Gorkha takes just four hours
13. Pokhara valley Day Tour (Lake City) - 7 to 8 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Pokhara’s bewitching beauty has been the subject of many travel writers. Its pristine air, spectacular backdrop of snowy peaks, serene lakes and surrounding greenery makes it ‘the jewel in the Himalaya’, an ideal place of remarkable natural beauty. With the magnificent Annapurna range forming the backdrop and the serenity of three major lakes – Phewa, Rupa and Begnas – Pokhara is the ultimate destination for relaxation and sightseeing. Pokhara Valley is also the gateway to the Annapurna region where many a trekker finds his Shangri-la and that is the reason why Pokhara is frequently referred to as the ‘must visit’ places in Nepal.
Pokhara once was an important trade route between India and Tibet. To this day, mule trains set up camps on the city outskirts, bringing goods from remote Himalayan regions including Mustang. Gurungs and Magars, who have earned world-wide fame as fierce Gurkha warriors, are the predominant inhabitants of Pokhara. Thakalis, indigenous of the Thak Khola region of Mustang, are known for their entrepreneurship and run tea houses along the trekking routes in the Annapurna region.
Places to visit in Pokhara
Pokhara is blessed with stunning panoramic views of the Annapurna range which forms its backdrop. The mesmerizing Machhapuchhre also known as Mt. Fishtail dominates the scenery because of its proximity to the valley and can be seen from anywhere in Pokhara. Stretching from east to west, the Annapurna massif includes Annapurna I to IV and Annapurna South. Further away are seen the giants, Dhaulagiri (8,167m) and Manaslu (8,163m).
Pokhara owes its popularity to the enchanting Phewa Lake, and along its eastern shore has grown the Lakeside or Baidam, a thriving resort town of hotels, restaurants, bars and souvenir shops that allow travelers to relax and enjoy. Phewa Lake is the largest and most beautiful of the three lakes, attracting a large number of visitors who enjoy boating on its placid waters. Boats can be hired, and many visit the island temple of Barahi in the middle of the lake.
Located in the middle of Phewa Lake, Barahi Temple is one the most important monuments in Pokhara. The two-storied pagoda is dedicated to the boar manifestation of Ajima who represents the female force, Shakti. Sacrifices take place here, and the largest crowds of devotees are seen on Saturdays.
An amazing aspect of Pokhara is the vanishing river Seti which goes underground and disappears in many places along its route through the city. At various points Seti is barely 2 m wide but its depth reaches an astonishing 20 meters. A good spot for watching the river is Mahendra Pul at Bhimsen Chowk, a bridge near the old Mission Hospital. Here the river can be seen in all its ferocity gushing down the deep gorge that it has carved over the period of time.
Locally known as the Patale Chhango, Davis Fall is a fascinating waterfall located about 2 km south-west of Pokhara Airport on the Siddhartha Highway.
This is a large limestone cave at a two-hour walk to the north of Pokhara. Locally known as the House of Bats, it is famous for its stalactites and stalagmites.
World Peace Pagoda
The World Peace Pagoda can be seen on top of a hill on the southern fringe of Phewa Lake. It has four images of the Buddha facing the four directions. The dome-shaped pagoda is an impressive sight, and its hilltop location commands a great view. It is a great vantage point which offers spectacular views of the Annapurna.
The Old Bazaar
In stark contrast to Lakeside Pokhara, the old Pokhara Bazaar, 4 km away from Phewa Lake, is a traditional bazaar and a colorful gathering place for an ethnically diverse group of traders and people. The temples and monuments bear a close resemblance to the Newari architecture of the Kathmandu Valley. The old bazaar is also home to one of Pokhara’s most important shrines, the Bindhyabasini Temple, a white dome-like structure atop a hill.
Pokhara Valley has in recent years grown as a destination for adventure sports such as paragliding and ultra-light aircraft flights. And with boating, bird watching, trekking and mountain biking as other attractions, Pokhara has it all that is needed for a city which attracts so much attraction of the foreign tourists.
14. MOTOR BIKING - 3 to 4 hours, Departure from Pokhara
Nothing quite compares to the thrill of exploring the valley on a motorbike. With natural beauty abounding around Pokhara, the ride is adventurous with thrills and excitement. The friendly locals make the trip delightful and one can venture anywhere in the unrestricted valley. All you need for a great time is a good bike and a reliable map to guide you throughout the journey.
15. BOATING - 1 hours, Departure from Pokhara
Pokhara’s Phewa Lake naturally draws visitors towards it. Easily the best means of recreation, boating is a favorite pastime which one can enjoy any time of day. The other two lakes, Begnas and Rupa, are located 15 km out of Pokhara. Less visited but no less beautiful, both these lakes are excellent for boating and fishing.
16. ULTRA-LIGHT AIRCRAFT - 1 hours, Departure from Pokhara
Go up in an ultra-light aircraft and get a sweeping bird’s eye view of the entire Pokhara Valley. It is an exhilarating ride that allows unhindered views of the mountains and the scenic lakes far below. Ultra-light flights are operated from Pokhara Airport beginning September through June.
17. PARAGLIDING - 1 hours, Departure from Pokhara
Paragliding is perhaps the most rewarding of short duration adventure sports given the fact that there is nothing between you and the scenery unfolding before you. In the distance lies the majestic Himalayas and down below are the villages, monasteries, temples, lakes and jungles, a truly bird’s eye view and a fascinating sight to behold.
18. GOLF - 2 to 3 hours, Departure from Pokhara
Pokhara has the space and climate suitable for golf, and the sport was introduced here many years ago. There are two world-class golf courses in Pokhara.
19. PONY RIDING - 3 to 4 hours, Departure from Pokhara
It is a delightful way of getting around Pokhara. Rides are organized by operators for valley and the surrounding hills.
20. RAFTING - 6 to 7, Departure from Kathmandu
Nepal’s rivers rank high in the world for white-water rafting, and Pokhara is ideally situated for raft trips along its rivers. The most popular river for rafting is the Trishuli River, which flows along the Kathmandu-Pokhara Highway. Equally good with plenty of exciting rapids are the Kali Gandaki and Seti rivers.
21. MOUNTAIN BIKING- 5 to 6 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Take to the countryside where you can ride through lush green fields, delightful little hamlets, up and down the hills, along river banks, around temples, over suspension bridges and along the highway. Mountain bikes can be easily rented from any of the numerous bicycle rental shops in and around the city.
22. HIKING AROUND POKHARA - 5 to 6 hours, Departure from Pokhara
There are several hiking destinations around Pokhara for those who are constrained by time to go on longer popular treks to the Annapurna Circuit.
23. SARANGKOT - 2 hours, Departure from Pokhara
It (1,592 m) is a former Kaski fort atop a hill 5 km west of the old bazaar. Overnight visit to Sarangkot offers a grand view of sunset and sunrise from over the Annapurnas.
24. KASKIKOT / NAUDANDA - 2- 3 hours, Departure from Pokhara
It (1,500 m) lies about three hours from Sarangkot or 15 km west from Pokhara. It is a soft walk through green hills and ancient ruins with good views of Phewa Lake, Pokhara Valley and the mountains.
25. KAHUNDANDA (1,520 m) - 3 to 4 hours, Departure from Pokhara
To the northeast of Pokhara, is a ruined fort on the summit with a view tower that offers spectacular scenery. It is an opportunity to walk though deciduous forests and savor rural life. Spectacular views of the Seti River and sunrise and sunset are the high points.
26. GHALCHOWK - 3 to 4 ours, Departure from Pokhara
A five-hour walk to the north of Pokhara, is a typical Gurung village and is one of the region’s oldest settlements.
27. SIRUBARI - 4 to 5 hours, Departure from Pokhara
It is a small village nestled on the southern slopes of a ridge at 1,700 m. The village is a 5-hour walk from Pokhara, about 20 km to the northeast. The village inhabited by the Gurungs is small and compact with neat and clean trails connecting the mainly stone and slate-built houses. Sirubari won the PATA Gold Award in 2001 for its initiative to preserve heritage and culture and of late it has gained name as a popular destination for home stay.
28. Day Tour in Lumbini (Birth Place of Buddha) - 7 to 8 hours, Departure from Kathmandu
Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, in the Terai plains of Nepal is one of the greatest pilgrimage sites for Buddhists. More than 400,000 Buddhists and non-Buddhists visit Lumbini every year. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site (Culture) and holds immense archeological and religious importance.
Sacred Garden: It was here in the gardens of Lumbini that Prince Siddhartha Gautam, who later became the Buddha, was born in 623 BC. The native site is marked by a commemorative pillar erected by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka of India during his pilgrimage to the holy site in 249 BC.
The inscription on the Ashoka Pillar identifies the Sacred Garden - spread over 9 sq. km – as the spot where the ‘Enlightened One’ was born. A large number of Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit Lumbini to pray at the Mayadevi Temple where excavations have revealed the “marker stone” showing the exact spot where Siddhartha Gautam Buddha was born. The sacred Puskarni Pond where Queen Mayadevi had taken a bath before the birth of Buddha lies to the south of the pillar. It was also in this pond that the infant Buddha was given his first bath.
Monuments: To the north of the Sacred Garden are monastic zones where different countries have built temples and monasteries depicting different sects of Buddhism. The Myanmar Temple (Lokamani Cula Pagoda) is a shiny gold and white structure that resembles the Shwe-dagon Pagoda of Yangon while the International Gautami Nuns Temple is a replica of the Swayambhu Stupa of Kathmandu.
The China Temple, built by the Buddhist Association of China, is a complex of pagodas, prayer rooms and meditation cells. Across the road is the Dae Sung Suk Ga Sa Korean Temple. The Japan Peace Stupa, built by Nippon Jon Kyohoji of Japan, is a 41-m tall structure with four different Buddha statues set into the stupa’s dome facing the four cardinal directions.
Other beautiful monuments and temples have been built by Vietnam, Thailand, Mongolia, France, Germany and Sri Lanka.
Lumbini -Buddhist Circuit Tour
The circuit provides insight into the life of Lord Buddha and the development of Buddhism. There are 62 archaeological sites scattered around Lumbini. The tour goes through Tilaurakot, Kudan, Gothihawa, Niglihawa, Sagarhawa, Aurorakot, Devadaha and Ramagrama - all bearing significance to the life and enlightenment of the Buddha.
Tilaurakot: Identified by archaeologists as the capital of Kapilvastu, Tilaurakot lies 27 km west of Lumbini, where excavations are on to unearth the ancient palace of King Suddhodhan, Siddhartha Gautam’s father. The Buddha is believed to have spent the first 29 years of his princely life in Tilaurakot.
Kudan: Located some 4.5 km south of Tilaurakot, Kudan is where King Suddhodhan met Lord Buddha for the first time after returning from his enlightenment. It was here that the Kasaya (yellow robe worn by monks) was presented to Lord Buddha. It was also here that the Kasaya was presented by Lord Buddha to Rahul, his son.
Gothihawa: About 5 km from Tilaurakot, Gothihawa is where Krakuchanda Buddha, who preceded Shakyamuni Buddha, was born. Remains of a broken Ashoka Pillar and relics can be seen here.
Niglihawa: About 8 km from Tilaurakot, Niglihawa is where Kanakmani Buddha was born. Here too one can see remains of a broken Ashokan Pillar.
Devdaha: The capital of the Koliya kingdom and maternal home of Mayadevi, Devdaha is 35 km to the northeast of Lumbini. This is where Siddhartha Gautam spent his childhood.
Sagarhawa: Forest site is identified by archeologists as the “Palace of the Massacre of the Shakyas” by the invading forces. The ruins of the ancient site lie on the west and south banks of a large rectangular pond known locally as Lumbu Sagar, or long pond, in Niglihawa village. Sagarahawa is 12 km north of Taulihawa municipality in Lumbini.
Lumbini Village Tour: A walk through the villages surrounding Lumbini and interaction with the warm and hospitable local people, buying their handicrafts and observing their traditional rituals will bring one closer to understanding the diversity of the Terai cultures in Nepal. Village tours also give an opportunity to observe the Terai landscape and a peek into the locals’ agro-based rural lifestyle, colorful costumes, festivals which they celebrate with much joy and enthusiasm, and gracious hospitality. Visitors can also visit the local temples and mosques or partake in the cultural ceremonies.
Wetland areas, lakes and ponds in the villages offer birdwatching opportunities. Visitors have the option of choosing to walk through the villages or ride in a local rickshaw or bullock cart. Some of the villages surrounding Lumbini are Ekala, Khudabagar, Tenuhawa, Lumbini Adarsh and Madhuvani. More information is available about the villages in the New Products section.